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Nell Jarvis Ship Models January 26th, 2018 - 11:43:48
Scandinavians developed Viking ships; one of the best ships built in Europe between 700 AD to the late 1000s and in 1300 A.D. introduced the stern rudder. The Mediterranean shipbuilders developed full-rigged sailing ship models in 1450 A.D. From there to the early 1800s ships used were constructed mostly using the plank on frame method, rudder control, and full-rigged sails. Galleons model ships launched to sea in the 1500s and used to the 1800s. The most famous ship models were the packet and clipper ships. Packet ships appeared in the Atlantic Ocean in the early 1800s followed by the Clipper ships during the 1840s. Both of these models were used as import ships.
Admiralty style ship models were built by ship builders from the 15th to the 19th century. They served as a design aid for the engineers, a simulator for those responsible for operating the vessel and as a \"show and tell\" display to be used for those raising funds from investors. An Admiralty model will have some parts of it un-planked exposing the framing and internal and deck furnishings. Usually masts, spars and some rigging are in place. The keel, stern post and stem are erected and the ribs are attached to the keel. This will then represent the general form of the hull. Some of the planks are then applied to the ribbed frame. In some Admiralty boat models the entire hull will be planked while only a portion of the deck will be planked. In other models, a side of the hull will be left un-planked while the deck is planked. Another version will have the entire hull un-planked while the deck is planked.
Until the appearance of the Vikings long boats in Northern Europe (of which several ships have been found and now are displayed in museums in Norway and Denmark) the development of marine technology can be assessed only from sparse old records, frescoes, seals and other visual representations. Contemporary ship models survived only from the period after the discovery of America by Columbus. Many of them were votive ships in churches, which had been donated as expression of gratitude for successful travel or rescue from disaster. In the 17th century shipyards began to make accurate models before starting the actual construction of ships (the so-called Admiralty models when built for the English navy).
Prior to 1600 the bell would have been placed on the stern deck.The ships bell is usually located forward at the break of the forecastle on ship models prior to the 18th century then moved to the after end of the fore castle deck. The ships cook (or his staff) traditionally has the job of shining the ships bell. Bells cast from metal were first developed in the Bronze Age. The ships bell is usually made of brass or bronze, bright finished on the outside only and normally has the ships name and date of commission engraved or cast on it then filled in with black enamel. The bell clapper and clapper pin are of a metal composition, with a suitable eye in the end for attaching the lanyard. There is a supporting eyebolt. The clapper of the ships bell would be supported by a bronze lug. The ship modeler has the choice of making bells by turning from brass on a lathe, electro plating shell method or buying a prefabricated bell. Same with the belfry. A belfry can be carved from wood, sculptured from metal or you can buy one premade. On some vessels the bell assembly was hung from the belfry. On other vessels, the bell was hung on a curved iron post that was fastened to the deck.