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Rachel Vaughn Sailboat February 14th, 2018 - 14:00:59
Most sailboats are fiberglass these days, but if you are looking for a really strong sailboat, you are likely to choose steel or aluminum. Fiberglass is fine for normal use, but if you are going cross oceans, or give your sailboat a hard life, metal is best. They are also good materials if you want to get your own design of sailboat built. The reason aluminum or steel are best is that metals are both strong and stiff, and when hit really hard, they bend - fiberglass and even the most advanced composites will break, and even shatter. Then the sailboat will almost certainly sink. A sailboat with a dent in the hull can keep going.
As far as the traditional monhull sailboats that most people are familiar with, the most common of all of them are the single mast sailboats. Also known as a sloop, these sailboats have a single mast that is either set into or stepped to the hull, or the deck of the ship. This mast supports two sails, the mainsail and the headsail (sometimes referred to as the jib). The mainsail is the aft sail and the headsail is to forward sail. The catboat and the cutter are two variations of the sloop. The catboat has the mainsail at the front of the ship and the cutter holds the mast aft and can commonly feature two jibs along with the mainsail. Having a single mast sailboat is easier to control and maintain and therefore is the most common sailboat for schools and lessons.
You will need to be good with your hands and have a small workshop with the necessary tools. Its best to buy the tools as you go along to avoid unnecessary expenditure. You may decide to buy a prefabricated hull and sails, or alternatively you may opt to make everything yourself. Whatever you decide, your starting point is a scale drawing with enough detail to get you started. If you are really ambitious you could even create your own design. Beware of scaling down the plans of a full size boat unless you are an expert mathematician because the relationship is not direct.
While most people tend to think of sailboats as all being the same, there are actually a variety of different types of sailboats in use throughout the world today. The basics still apply to them as far as sails and using the wind to power them through the water, but the features that make them unique offer a variety of different benefits to people, depending on their personal preferences. Many people wrongly assume that the size of the sailboat is the defining characteristic that separates it from other sailboats on the water. While different size sailboat will certainly have different features and provide its passengers with an array of different comforts, its not the size that really matters. The most common differences between sailboats have to do with the number and the position of masts that each ship has, though in recent years, that is no longer the only distinction.