Victoria Kelly Ship Models January 27th, 2018 - 12:27:23
Sailing ship models are models of wind-powered ships. In olden times, before the advent of the steam engines, sailing ships were the primary means of transportation across long distances of water. Sailing ships were used for ferrying passengers, cargo, mail, supplies, etc. Some of the developing countries still use sailing boats for fishing. There are many tall ship training vessels that provide recreational sailing experience. In the age of sail yore, sailing ships had crucial military applications. Several wars were fought using sailing ships. For example, Spanish convoys returning with gold and silver plundered from the newly-discovered Americas needed protection from the pirates. Naval battles were fought among the United Kingdom, France, Spain, and the Netherlands with the help of sailing ships.
In the 1700s engineers started to develop and experiment with steam powered boats. By the 1800s the model paddle wheel steam boats were invented. By 1853, the propeller powered steam boat model was invented proving to be more efficient then the paddle wheel model. This dawned a new era of ship building; steel ships that replaced the traditional wooden model. Some of the most fascinating ships that are still in operation today were when the passenger cruise ships came on the seen. This RMS Titanic cruise ship was built in March 1909. In May 1911, this new steel model ship was launched, which was a heavily publicized spectacle. Unfortunately, at 11:40 pm on the 14th April 1912, the greatest maritime disaster in history began. Other models include the Normandie, Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth of Great Britain.
Modern-day sea-faring received much instruction from these carefully preserved, 5,000- year-old models. Specimens of these boats found a place in the British Museum, the Louvre, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and many other museums worldwide. Modern-day ship models came into existence before or during the construction of many eighteenth- and nineteenth-century warships. These were known as Admiralty or Shipyard models. Many of these models did not show the timbering they would have in the actual vessel, but the models illustrated the form of the hull and details of the deck furnishings, masts, spars, and general frame. The models provided the non-sea-faring financiers with a birds-eye view of the vessel that was to come into being.
That the bell rope was not attached directly to the bell clapper suggests that, in those early days, the ships bell was not used to mark the passage of the hours and half-hours. Long ago, time at sea was measured by the trickle of sand through a half - hour glass. The sand glass on the deck was usually next to a bell (ships strike), and the ships boy (called a Grommet) was responsible for turning the glass over, and ringing the ships bell at the same time, so that the helmsman could make sure he turned his glass at exactly the same. The ships bell had many uses; to indicate the time aboard the ship and hence to regulate the sailors duty watches; for safety in foggy conditions; signaling; used in gunnery control; the Dutch Navy of the 17th century rang the bell as an order to open fire; as boat gongs indicating officers and dignitaries boarding or leaving the ship and one of the most memorable traditions for sailors and their families involves the use of ships bells as baptismal fonts for shipboard christenings (the name of the baptized child would usually be engraved on the bell).